Safe bicycling
is happy bicycling!


Of course you know how to ride a bicycle. You also need to know some important things to be safer every time you ride.

Follow these safety tips and you’ll be safer when riding your bicycle:

Helmet Checklist Helmet Checklist
  • If you are 14 or younger, you must wear a helmet every time you ride, even if it’s just down the street.
  • Just as important as wearing a helmet is wearing it properly. It should:
    • Sit straight and level on your head, not sloping backward or forward. The front should sit just above your eyebrows or eyeglasses;
    • Fit comfortably and snugly, touching your head all the way around. Adjust the pads on the inside if needed;
    • The two sides of the straps should meet just below your ears.

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Clothing Checklist Clothing Checklist
  • Wear sneakers or closed toed shoes instead of sandals, flip flops or clogs. If you had to stop suddenly, you could hurt your feet badly.
  • Close-fitting pants are much safer than pants with baggy legs or ties or strings hanging from them because they can get caught in the bicycle chain or spokes.
Rules of the Road Checklist Rules of the Road Checklist
  • Ride in the same direction as traffic.
  • Stop at stop signs and traffic lights. After stopping, look to the left, then the right, then the left again to be sure it is safe to cross. At busy intersections, it is safest to get off your bike and walk it across the street.
  • Just like a car, your bike is a vehicle on the road so you should yield to pedestrians and other vehicles.
  • Watch out for cars opening doors or pulling into traffic.
  • Avoid running over rocks and other debris on the road that might make you lose control of your bike.
Bike Checklist Bike Checklist
  • Before getting on your bike double check that your brakes are working properly. They should stop the wheel when squeezed, but not stick to either side of the wheel when released.
  • Tires should be inflated to the specifications on the tire and checked with a tire pressure gauge, unless your pump has one built in.
  • Be sure the seat height is properly adjusted. Straddle the bicycle and sit on the seat with the balls of your feet touching the ground. If your legs are bent, the seat should be raised.
  • Your seat, handlebars and wheels should fit tightly with no wiggling.
Be Seen and Heard Checklist Be Seen and Heard Checklist
  • Reflectors should be on the front, back and on both sides of both wheels per
    New York State law.
  • Bright colored clothing makes you more visible to vehicles.
  • Reflective vests are a way to be visible to vehicles when riding at night.
  • Ring your bell, horn or call out when approaching people and vehicles to alert them that you are behind or near them.
  • Never wear headphones or ear buds while riding. You need to be able to hear what’s going on around you and be focused on bike riding

Safe bicycling is happy bicycling!


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